The TMJ is a hinge like joint and comprises of the jaw and the skull. The connection of these two bones allows the joint to slide and move like a hinge. The primary role of the TMJ is to allow you to eat, talk and use facial expressions. This joint also contains an articular disc which is located between the jaw and the skull. The disc’s main function is to act as a shock absorber as well as assisting with a smooth sliding motion as the jaw moves.
TMJ pain or dysfunction can be caused by a traumatic or non-traumatic event. Traumatic causes could be the result of an object hitting or coming into contact with the jaw. There are numerous causes of non-traumatic TMJ pain some of which include decreased muscle length, displacement of the disc or eating chewy foods.
Symptoms of TMJ dysfunction
How can physio help?
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, our team of physiotherapists would gladly assist you with your TMJ pain or dysfunction.
We can assist you by:
Articular Disc - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics (Kinesiology of the temporomandibular joint)
TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint & Muscle Disorders) | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (nih.gov)
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